Garden Tasks for January
Winter prune wisteria. Cut last year's growth back to two or three buds. (The summer pruning is July-August)
Prune rose bushes this month while they are still dormant, though not rambling roses which are normally pruned in late summer. For more see the RHS guide.
Cut back ornamental grasses so that new growth will show.
Remove old hellebore leaves to expose the new blooms as they emerge in the spring. Bin any leaves with black patches to reduce spread of leaf spot diseases.
Prune apple and pear trees if not already done.
Plant bare-root fruit trees, roses and shrubs, unless the ground is frozen.
Start sweet peas, salad seeds, cauliflowers, spring onions and spinach on a windowsill or in a greenhouse to get an early start.
Trim back climbers before birds start nesting.
Apply fertilizer around hedges and shrubs ready for their spring growth.